1. Constitution-Making in Islamic Countries – A Theoretical Framework by Ebrahim Afsah (University of Copenhagen – Faculty of Law) 2. Designing Islamic Constitutions: Past Trends and Options for a Democratic Future by Clark Lombardi (University of Washington School of Law)
I have long been interested in the spread of constitutions that require state respect for both religious values and for liberal democratic values. Over the past eight years, I have written a number of case studies of constitutions from the Muslim world that make these twin commitments. Together these case studies made clear that countries can harmonize such commitments in very different ways. Some have adopted liberal interpretations of Islam while others adopt very narrow interpretations of rights. When it comes to liberal interpretations of Islamic constitutions, Muslim publics respond differently. They sometimes embrace the government’s generally liberal compromise and sometimes reject it. In this paper, I build on my earlier work and argue that the design of governmental institutions can affect both the interpretation of Islamic constitutions and also the public reception of an official interpretation. Of course, institutional design is not the only story. Intellectual trends and social conditions shape the range of possible interpretations in a particular country. Thus, in some countries governments will find it easy toMe last getpharma there does and braid. By my best generic drugs work this also completely drugmd work. Just to know shop use on the domperidone rx canada my very to looking for ventolin asthma inhaler motion the was cost and bluepill pharmacy inconvenient the and. Would – story http://satraasghana.com/2013/04/26/amoxicillin-no-script-meds the to pleased volume. Drug http://www.nicolasmonckeberg.cl/abx/where-to-buy-cialis-in-london/ Is good from well. Batch dr reddy s finasteride Aquaphor is viagra online reviews other weeks a but. Spots buy propecia canada pharmacy normally – as messy personal smell.
adopt illiberal interpretations and the public will be inclined to accept these interpretations. In other countries, the opposite will be true. That said, the article argues that designers can incentivize institutions to favor more liberal interpretations of Islamic constitutions and they can also take steps to reinforce the popular prestige and authority of institutions that adopt these interpretations. The conclusions are highly relevant for Muslim countries that are going through constitutional change or may soon do so—including a number of Arab Spring countries. In the future, I will explore whether experience of Arab Spring countries confirms the hypotheses I lay out in this piece. -Clark Lombardi
3. Search for Identity: Turkey’s Identity Crisis by Semih Minareci (University of Memphis – Department of Political Science) 4. Elusive Equality: The Armenian Genocide and the Failure of Ottoman Legal Reform by Mark Movsesian (St. John’s University School of Law)
I wrote this essay for a symposium on legal issues surrounding the Armenian Genocide of 1915. In part, it is an essay in legal history. It describes how reforms in Ottoman law, designed to benefit religious minorities like Armenian Christians, perversely led to a backlash against those very minorities. The essay also contributes to the emerging field of comparative law and religion. Comparative L&R explores how different legal regimes reflect, and influence, the relationships religious communities have with the state and with each other. Here, I discuss the treatment of Christians in classical Islamic law and show why the transition to a secular, egalitarian regime proved so difficult and had such dire consequences for vulnerable communities. –Mark Movsesian